明升ms88备用网站队* *中几乎一半的受访者 2021年中国商业环境调查 were affected by changing international trade policies and sanctions. The tensions between the United States and 中国 have undoubtedly been felt over the past couple of years, 最终导致涉及关税的贸易冲突, 双方实施的技术限制和制裁.
关税是媒体关注的焦点, but potentially the largest impact on Swedish companies could come from the US Entity List which effectively prohibits the export or re-export of US goods to selected Chinese entities. While only 16 per cent of companies in 团队明升ms88备用网站’s Business Climate Survey explicitly confirm that they are affected by these types of controls, 在这种情况下，后果可能特别严重.
资料来源:团队明升ms88备用网站 Business Climate Survey in 中国 2021， (N=95)*
6月1日st 2021, 美国当局将410家中国实体列入黑名单, 其中有几家现在是明升ms88备用网站公司的客户. 即使产品是在美国以外制造的, Swedish companies are not in the clear and a potential breach of the new policies would involve substantial fines and potentially jail sentences for involved individuals.
That is why building an understanding of these policies and how they affect business 操作 is so vital. 除了遵从性方面, the risk of sudden supply cuts of critical components from the US makes Swedish companies trading with customers on the Entity List vulnerable.“If a violation of the Export Administration Regulations has occurred, all parties involved would be investigated to determine their role in the violation.”
The US Commerce Department Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) has continuously implemented stricter restrictions on the exports of US goods to blacklisted Chinese companies, 特别是针对中国科技巨头华为. These regulations mean that any transaction of items subject to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) to a company on the Entity List could be a violation.
此外, the EAR also covers certain items produced using US technologies as well as US-controlled materials, 无论它们在哪里生产. 自2018年以来，这些法规的更新更加频繁, effectively restricting Huawei and associated entities from accessing certain key parts and components such as semiconductors.
作为一个结果, Swedish companies operating in global supply chains need to carefully evaluate the risks of their involvement in ordering, 购买, or using any goods subject to the EAR and directly or indirectly transferring these to a company on the Entity List.
Acquiring industry and product specific knowledge about the regulations and related responsibilities is essential for 合规 with the US Entity List. Given that the Entity List and restrictions are continuously updated, companies need to monitor the changes and interpret how these might affect their supply chains and business 操作 globally.
基于场景的规划在这种环境中是一种有效的工具. The potential impact of changes in the existing regulations should be assessed where, 例如, the cost of changing suppliers should be weighed against the cost of losing market share in any given segment.
你需要帮助吗?? We can help you identify your risk exposure from the US Entity List and avoid the pitfalls. 明升体育m88亚洲手机进行深入分析.
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*Note: The survey was conducted among member companies of the 明升ms88备用网站驻华商会 during two weeks of April 2021.